Tropical Rainforests Week

Amazon Rainforest

Part of

The Amazon Rainforest is the worlds largest tropical rainforest. It is over 5.5million square kilometres!

The Amazon is found in South America and takes in Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.

Amazon Rainforest Outline
Outline of Amazon Rainforest in South America

The Amazon River runs through the north of the rainforest along with many other smaller waterways. There are many indigenous tribes living in the Amazon Rainforest and it is thought that some have never had any contact with the outside world. That means they have no internet or TV or video games. Quite a different life to ours!

The Yanomami are one such tribe. They live in communities in a Shabono - which is an oval shaped structure where each family unit has its own area to live in.

Shabono Community
Shabono Community

There are many different animals and plants in the Amazon some of which are quite deadly! There are flesh eating piranhas and poison dart frogs and snakes that are highly venomous!

The canopy of the rainforest is so thick and dense that when it rains it can take 10 minute for the water to get from the top to the rainforest floor and large areas of the forest floor are in permanent darkness.

The Amazon Rainforest is home to the Jaguar - one of the last places on earth they can be found in the wild.

Jaguar
Jaguar

There are more than a thousand different species of birds that live here such as hummingbirds and toucans and macaws.

Macaw
Macaw
toucan
Toucan
Macaws are very social birds and quite intelligent. They mate for life and can live for up to 60 years. Being social, they live in flocks of up to 30 birds. Sadly these lovely birds are under threat due to deforestation and because people want them for pets

A most interesting creature that lives in the Amazon is the Sloth! Have a go at making one with the help of our worksheet,

Sloth
Sloth

There are 2 different kinds of sloths, two-toed and three-toed and there are 6 species all of which can be found in the Amazon. However one is critically endangered - the pygmy sloth!

Sloths are very very lazy and the sleep for most of the day. Some even stay in the same tree their entire life! They spend most of their lives upside down hanging from a tree. Not only do they move slowly but their digestive system is incredibly slow too - in fact they only have to poo once a week - the only time they leave their tree!

A very interesting fact about sloths is they are great swimmers! They drop out of the branches into the water and swim around - an ancestor of the sloth was known to have lived in the water so it is thought to be the reason they are such good swimmers.

There are thought to be only 79 pygmy three-toed sloths left which is very worrying!

Young Sloth
Young Sloth

There are many species of frog living in the rainforest. Have a go at making our frogs with the help of the worksheet.

There are Poison Dart Frogs and many different kinds of the Tree Frogs living in the Amazon along with Glass Frogs and Toads.

Poison Dart Frogs have crazy colours and are highly toxic. They are very, very small, some less than 1.5 cm in length.

The most poisonous ones eat lots of ants, mites and termites and this could be why they are so poisonous. The reason they are so brightly coloured is to let potential predators know not to eat them as they will not taste very nice!

Dart Frog
Blue Poison Dart Frog
Make an Amazon Rainforest Sloth
Make an Amazon Rainforest Sloth (PDF)
Amazon: The Lungs Of Our Planet by BBC

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